Greyton Commonage Objections (Part 1 of 2). Report 2016-018

The objection in Part 1 only applies to the alienation of the portion of Erf 595 on which the proposed fruit farm project is located. Part 2 proposes an alternative leasehold method of acquiring land for the same project.

Part 2 also identifies various aspects of the farming project itself, which are considered to enhance the benefits for the Consortium of Fruit Farmers, TWKM and the Ward 2 community.



With reference to the Notice in the Theewaterskloof Gazette on 19 January 2016 for the proposed alienation of about 235 ha of Erf 595 in Greyton at R 4,329,850, and a subsequent Notice in the Gazette of 23 February 2016, extending the period for submission of comments and objections to 31 March 2016, we are hereby submitting an objection to the proposed alienation on the following grounds:

  1. The price of the property

The proposed price of R 4.3 m is based on the valuation of vacant land with no consideration at all for its potential value if professionally marketed with its various features identified. Although still zoned ‘Undetermined’, which means no Primary or Consent Uses, once rezoned the potential uses of the property could include housing development, agriculture or resort development, representing considerably different land values. In fact, the valuation incorrectly states that the land is ‘Authority’ zoned. As Commonage, the land has considerable added value because of the grazing of horses and cattle, and recreational uses, enjoyed by the community for over 150 years.

There is no evidence that the longer term future value of this land has even been considered.

The proposed price of R 0.02 m per ha is unrealistically low compared with rateable values (July 2014) of other vacant land in the Greyton Commonage (R 0.05 – 0.08 m per ha). The rateable value of a further area (8,7 ha) of land within the urban edge, although zoned for residential use, but also vacant and without any services, is R 0.33 m per ha.

It seems that the lowest possible valuation of the land has been determined, based on a nominal cultivated ‘field price’ of R 45,000 per ha, discounted by 60% on the basis that the soil has not been cultivated and contains alien vegetation. However, the prospectus, when considering the financial benefits to TWKM, states that the business will apparently be worth R 150 m when it is mature, which is R 640,000 per ha. The difference between current cost and future business value of over 1400% must be questioned.

It is considered that the price for this property has been hugely under-valued, without any reasonable justification, and therefore does not comply with the requirements of Section 14 of the Municipal Finance Management Act (Act 56 of 2003) which states that:

  • The municipality has considered the fair market value for the asset, and the economic and community value to be received in exchange for the asset (section 14 (2)(b));

 It is further considered that the unrealistic price represents the loss of a potentially highly valuable asset by TWKM, the whole municipal population and in particular the community of Ward 2. 

  1. The economic and community value received from the disposal

The disposal of the Commonage land itself is stated in the prospectus to create significant financial benefit for the municipality from Rates and services. However, the Rates payable are dependent on the annual valuation of the land so will take time to grow to the estimated annual potential of R 300,000 and even then will only account for a very small part of the TWKM Rates base.

The net value to TWKM of municipal services, although dependent on the scale of the development, would not be significant.

On the other hand, the provision of bulk municipal services, which would also vary depending on the scale of development, has not been assessed in terms of their availability and the cost of providing them. The prospectus does not include a clause specifying that the buyer of the property is responsible for the full costs of providing the services.

The above benefits are real, but are dependent on the farming business itself, independently of the land disposal. They would be the same if the land was leased at a realistic level instead of being sold off. Therefore they should not be considered to support the argument for sale of the land.

The transfer of ownership is considered to be unfair, inequitable and not competitive in terms of the Municipal Finance Management Act (section 14 (5)), thus making it illegal.

  1. Public Participation Process

TWKM reported that they were in discussions with potential purchasers of this property in 2003, and had earmarked it for alienation for small holdings. There is no reference to this in the SDF of 2003-2005, and the project was abandoned. We requested the Municipal Manager on 3 February 2016 to provide access to Council resolutions relating to the rezoning of the property at that time, but have received nothing.

We have also requested the following information relating to the current proposal, but to no avail:

  • Minutes of the TWKM Council Meeting at which a vote on the project was taken;
  • Details of any restrictions in the Title Deeds for the property;
  • Details of any alternative projects that were assessed in comparison with the proposal.

We have been unfairly denied these documents in time to make meaningful comment on them before the deadline.

There is no record of any attempt by TWKM to communicate with any person who uses the Commonage for any legitimate reason, and there has been no offer of alternative land or financial compensation for these users. Further, there has been no attempt at all to determine the level of support from the residents of the community for the sale of the land.

This does not conform to the Promotion of Administrative Justice Act (No 3 of 2000), particularly section 3 which relates to the fairness of administrative action which materially and adversely affects the rights or legitimate expectations of any person.

  1. Legality of the proposed alienation

4.1 PC.Doc.12/1997: Municipal Commonage policy and procedure:

  • screenshot_1948There is no evidence that TWKM have consulted with the Dept of Land Affairs (DLA), to satisfy themselves that the proposed development will not result in the dispossession of people’s rights (formal or informal) granted on or over the Greyton Commonage.
  • Local people who have rights to graze cattle or horses on the property have not been approached on the matter, and their situation has not been considered. No arrangements have been made for alternative land or financial compensation.
  • Where town development and urbanisation require Commonage to be sold, wide support from local residents must be obtained. There is not, and never has been, any municipal policy that maintains that this or any other portion of the Commonage is required for the development of Greyton.
  • The municipality may not alienate, dispose of or sell the Remainder of a Municipal Commonage property but must retain and utilise the said Remainder for public use, which is to ensure that such land is released to the needy local residents for agricultural purposes on a leasehold basis.

The Minister of Land Affairs approved the municipal commonage policy on 12 June 1997, emphasising the fact that municipal commonage is land, which has a public character, and that land needed by local poor residents for agricultural purposes should be made available on a leasehold basis for such purposes.

It is clear that the proposed alienation fails to comply with any of the 4 policy statements above that are the essence of the Government policy issued in 1997.

4.2 TWKM By-law:

According to the TWKM By-law, which was gazetted on 21 June 2015, municipal commonage means land owned by, or under control of, the municipality which has a zoning of ‘undetermined’ and which may be set aside for grazing or for such other purposes or use as may be deemed necessary by the municipality. There is no reference whatsoever to the possible sale or alienation of Commonage land.

Clearly, the proposed alienation does not comply with the above municipal By-law.

4.3 The Will of Herbert Vigne

Herbert Vigne WillIt is absolutely clear that Herbert Vigne bequeathed the Commonage to the people of Greyton. Neither the Will, nor the intent, has ever been in dispute. It is considered that if there had been any intent to permit alienation of all or part of the Commonage, contrary to Herbert Vigne’s Will, then some evidence would have been found. No such evidence has been found.

There is no known record of the removal of restrictions presumed to have been in the original Title Deeds when the 2 farms Kanon Berg and Boschmanskloof were separated out of Erf 595 to create the Greyton Nature Reserve on 13 May 1977.

Whatever may have actually happened to cast doubt on the validity of the Government policy in relation to Greyton’s Commonage is shrouded in mystery. We are aware of only one legal opinion on the possibility of alienating part of the Greyton Commonage – done by Hannes Pretorious Attorneys of Hermanus, as part of the Greyton Commonage Spatial Framework.

There is much confusion in this document, and therefore in the conclusions drawn and recommendation made, that makes one very suspicious of its validity. For example, there is no mention of any record of the removal of restrictions presumed to have been in the original Title Deeds for Greyton and the 2 farms mentioned, but ‘apparently’ missing from the deeds for the remainder of Erf 595. We consider that if there had been any intent to permit alienation of all or part of the commonage, contrary to Herbert Vigne’s Will, then some evidence would have been found.

Therefore, we submit that the onus must be on TWKM to prove beyond all doubt, that they can legally alienate any part of the Greyton commonage.

4.4 Conditions of tender

Although the following Conditions of tender imposed by TWKM are essential elements supporting the decision to go ahead with this project, it is considered that they cannot be enforced in law. If they are not fully complied with, they have no penalties or other forms of compensation attached and therefore are meaningless. The pertinent Conditions are that:

  • development of the land commences within 2 years of the date of registration of the property;
  • a minimum of 95 ha of land is developed with deciduous fruit trees;
  • a minimum of 150 work opportunities are created ;
  • 80% of the workers must be from the Greyton/Genadendal/Riviersonderend area;

Should any of the above conditions fall significantly short of expectations, assuming of course that accurate monitoring of the conditions could be achieved, it is contended that the benefits from the proposed project for the municipality and the surrounding communities will also not be achieved.

This would lead to an unnecessary waste of municipal funds and a reduction of economic and community value from the project, which would be contrary to the requirements of Section 14 of the Municipal Finance Management Act (Act 56 of 2003).

  1. Municipal Policy

Policies and guidelines, relevant to the Commonage, in municipal spatial planning frameworks since 1999, including the most recent SDF of 2012 are:

  • Conserve the natural resource base and its bio-diversity;
  • Promote sustainable economic development;
  • Ensure that the community have continued access for recreational purposes;
  • No subdivision or alienation of land is permitted;
  • The desirability of combining small scale farming activities in Greyton and Genadendal;
  • The introduction of farming activities in the Commonage;
  • The areas (dark green on the map) to be formally incorporated into the Greyton Nature Reserve in order to protect the ecological role of the Commonage within the context of the mountain catchment area, the river eco-systems and the Greyton Nature Reserve (in process).

The proposal to alienate a portion of Erf 595 is contrary to policies expressed in all the spatial planning framework documents since 1999.This is supported by the absence of any detailed management plan which must surely be a prerequisite to such an important change of policy as the alienation of the Commonage.

  1. Property Prices

Should the Commonage land be alienated, the attraction of Greyton as a tourist destination and a desirable place to live, will be diminished. The Heritage value may also be reduced. The result will be an inevitable lowering of property values.

TWKM will also undoubtedly conclude that they can freely alienate additional portions of the Commonage, further contributing to the decline of Greyton, and further reducing local property values, which would be contrary to the municipal policies for sustainable growth in Tourism.

  1. Environmental Impact not considered

Even though it was admitted that a significant part of the total project land value was not suitable for fruit farming (85 ha of total 235 ha), there is no commitment from the Consortium or condition in the prospectus either to clear and maintain the land free from alien vegetation particularly along the river corridor, or to identify and assess areas of land containing conservation-worthy Renosterveld. Both of these activities represent costs and potential future benefits that should be examined in the EIA, and any approval of the project may be conditional on satisfactory management of these activities.

There is no evidence that the financial implications of these environmental impacts have been considered in the valuation of the land.

  1. Municipal Support for Alienation

The TWKM prospectus focuses on the ‘sale of a portion of Erf 595 for BEE commercial farming’, but fails to contemplate the separation of the project into ‘alienation of the land’ and formation of a BEE venture ‘to promote investor friendly practices …… leading to increased employment and growth in rates base …’ It is argued that the BEE venture itself is not dependent on alienation of the land, and could indeed have more financial and social benefits through the alternative of a leasehold agreement instead.

The municipality fails to consider this argument in the prospectus. A special Ward 2 Committee meeting on 5 October 2015 records that ‘the committee noted and awaits the outcome of the project plan as presented’.

Clearly, neither document constitutes a vote of approval or agreement for the alienation of a portion of the Greyton Commonage.

Furthermore, TWKM failed to consider any alternatives to the proposed alienation, in particular a leasehold agreement.


We strongly object to the alienation of approximately 235 ha of a portion of Erf 595, being part of the Greyton Commonage, on the grounds stated above.

However, our objection only applies to the actual alienation itself, and not to the whole project. Therefore, if the project can be revised to accommodate a leasehold agreement, we offer our support conditional on a number of additional proposals in Part 2 that we believe would be beneficial to all the parties concerned.

Part 2 will be issued as a separate document.


We will keep you informed.

Should you want to be placed on the Ward 2 Forum Database please email us at the following address



Ward 2 Forum Team


3 thoughts on “Greyton Commonage Objections (Part 1 of 2). Report 2016-018”

  1. Dear Ward 2 Team
    Congratulations on what is a considerable effort. Presenting objections and recieving objections to planning proposals are onerous on all parties, but assist with the eradication of insufficient planning, spurious proposals and generally produce a better outcome.

    This presentation is well presented and considering the paucity of information from TWKM and the absence of a business plan to date raise a number of very material as well as practical questions.

    This is not an easy or simple task- so I am sure that all parties with an interest in buying, selling, leasing, developing or leaving as is will find the answers to these elements helpful in determining their positions.

  2. I and sincerely grateful that W2F has the courage to challenge TWKM on their claims on our commonage. I was confused by your former e-mail which stated that TWKM would retain ownership of our valuable commonage. It’s important to follow through with this and insist that TWKM prove their claim to ‘ownership’ . If we really wanted to honor H Vigne’s will, we would be making amends for the damage done in apartheid, and provide inexpensive multi-racial rural property similar to the rest of Greyton for the Coloured/Khoikhoi people of Greyton who, despite having lost their land 60 years ago – still actively farm where they can. The section of the land in question along the R406, closest to Greyton could be developed into rural properties in the same vein as the rest of Greyton, and those families that were forced out of their homes during Apartheid could be granted a plot. The rest of the commonage should be cleared of allies and made available to the poor for grazing, agroforestry and sustainable farming – for a nominal rent. The water rights should be re-enstated for our commonage and if that is impossible, then the income gleaned from them should be put into a trust to pay for fencing, upkeep of roads etc

    1. I entirely agree with the comments concerning ownership of the Land. I don’t understand how TWK have the nerve.
      Honoring H. Vigne’s will and repairing apartheid damages by offering the locals opportunities they deserve is wonderful. I believe in a multi-racial society, which is what the proposed venture would indeed encourage. I am not so sure about the fruit farming? – I just hope research is carried out – as it does appear to be becoming saturated. Small farming enterprises would be good. Grazing animals help prevent desertification.
      I agree with the management company, as long as it is well and honestly managed for the good of the community as a whole

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