Great opportunity with the Department of Environmental Affairs inviting full-time students to apply for bursaries for the 2018 academic year.
For further information please see the brochure: Full-time Bursary Information Brochure
Application Form: Full-time Bursary Application Form – 2018
Further information please contact: Jean Venter (Institute of Environmental & Recreational Management: General Secretary)
Tel: 011 061-5000 Institute of Environmental & Recreational Management (IERM): http://www.ierm.org.za
Whilst the debate continues and intensifies, it is important to note and view the information as published over recent years. This in itself is a quagmire of information and disinformation as the race to expand the coverage and networks for cellular companies intensifies.
Interestingly enough is that most of these towers that are being erected of late, are being undertaken by none cellular companies who in turn lease antennae space to service providers at rates that are based on bandwidth usage that flow through their installed facilities. This recent model has created very lucrative opportunities for businesses that specialise in the erecting of communication towers.
To wade through the numerous, and often contradicting, information documents and scientific papers available on the subject leaves the reader more confused than before.
In researching the topic for the 1st Communications Tower Application for Greyton, which has now been approved by TWKM, the Ward 2 Forum collected and collated numerous documents to determine the effects of the EMF radiation.
Our findings are inconclusive for numerous reasons; Current research done on the topic is so contradicting none of which have compelling arguments based on hard scientific research completed on the effects of electric and magnetic radiation on human, animal and flora health.
Epidemiological studies should normally be the most interesting considering human health because it takes into account individuals in their environment. In reality this is not so: epidemiology provides correlation but not causal relationships. Other studies are therefore necessary for a better understanding of pathophysiological working mechanisms and to enhance the credibility of epidemiological studies:
- controlled human clinical trials,
- in vivo investigations and
- in vitro studies.
Well-conducted in vitro studies can reveal mechanisms of action at the cellular or molecular level that can explain pathophysiological effects. But the results of in vitro studies do not necessarily mean that an effect will be observed in vivo.
Advantages of epidemiological studies
- Focus = humans
- Exposure to agent = real situation
- Endpoints: mortality & morbidity
- Potentially hypersensitive subjects can be investigated
- Acute and chronic exposures can be studied
Limitations of epidemiological studies
- Difficult to demonstrate effect & causality
- Difficult to take all “confounders” into account
- Difficult to obtain accurate individual measurements of real exposure
- Epidemiological studies are very expensive and time consuming (especially cohort studies)
The most comprehensive and compelling study document we found was the Exponent Research document published: Electric & Magnetic Fields: Health Review of the Scientific Research (Mar’12 – Dec’16)
For further reading, hereto several interesting documents relating to the topic:
R406 Road Maintenance
Road surface maintenance is scheduled for the last 13 km stretch of the R 406. The project will commence on or about the 13th November 2017 and is expected to be completed by mid February 2018.
Whilst we have been assured that all will be done to minimise the inconvenience to motorists, the standard practice of utilising Stop ‘n Go measures over specific sections will be implemented to control traffic flow for most parts of this maintenance period. The stretch of the R 406 affected will be between the Searjeants Rivier farm and the N2.
Please be careful when using this stretch of the R406 during this period. Loose stone chips and construction vehicles will be the biggest hazards.
There have been a number of attempts to communicate to the public the background to the illegal occupation of land for informal housing in Ward 2 and to propose various actions to improve the situation. The reality is that there are no easy solutions to what has become a widespread problem throughout the Western Cape, the Overberg in particular.
Full comment document: THE LAW AND INFORMAL HOUSING 1.1
Due to the numerous inquiries received by the Ward 2 Forum in respect of the development “Greyton High Estate” envisaged for Erf 922 & , (as marketed on the internet recently), some research was undertaken to determine the facts as they are.
Comment received from TWKM:
“This office has not received any formal land use application for the subject property. We can however confirm that, as allowed in the By-Law the applicant/owner did approach us for a pre-submission consultation and our comments/concerns were communicated.
We therefore await further information and details of the application from the applicant. Perhaps the add is placed to test the market.”
We have also found further information which related to a similar application which was submitted in 2009 for the same property. TWKM comment to that application hereto attached as reference.
A Cut-Off Low (COL) is a low pressure system that develops south of South Africa, stemming from the main westerly trough systems of cold air. As the COL develops, it deepens into a defined closed system that extends from the upper air downward to the surface of the earth. A COL system usually prevails over an area for more than a day , and can last for up to 6 days. The COL moves slowly over a confined region leading to extreme rainfall. COL’s are unstable, baroclinic systems that slope to the west with height and are associated with strong convergence and upward motion, particularly while they are deepening.
Community Safety Forum (CPF)
A Body, Organization or Institution must apply in writing for membership of the Forum or Sub-Forum to the Executive of the Forum or Sub-Forum on the prescribed form. The application must indicate its:
- Management and other officials;
- Aims and objectives of the entity, and;
- Person mandated to represent the entity.
Member – means any member of the Forum, Sub-Forum or Board, elected, co-opted and those whose application for membership of the Forum and Sub-Forum was approved or renewed in terms of this Constitution, excluding individuals from the general public, but including statutory members designated to the Forum or Sub-Forum.
An Executive Committee shall be elected from the Community-based Organisations registered with the Forum, and shall consist of:
- Chairperson and Deputy-Chairperson;
- Secretary and Assistant-Secretary;
- Project Co-ordinator;
- Public Relations Officer;
- Additional members as decided by the Forum at an Annual General Meeting;
Persons elected to the executive of the Forum or Sub-Forum shall be subjected to a screening process and this shall be dealt with in a professional and confidential manner. During the process of applying for membership, organizations and groups (excluding Political parties), with more or less the same aims and objectives will be grouped by the Executive Committee into a Cluster for voting purposes (e.g. Education-, Business-, Civic Organizations-, Victim Support Cluster, etc.)
Application for Departure and permission required in terms of the Zoning Scheme: Erf 1086, Greyton